Takt-Time Planning and the Last Planner

Adam Frandson1, Klas Berghede2 & Iris D. Tommelein3

1Graduate Student, Civil and Environmental Engineering Department, Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA 94720-1710, USA, Phone +1 (510) 642-3261, [email protected]
2Production Manager, The Boldt Company, Western Operations, 2150 River Plaza Drive, Suite 255, Sacramento, CA 95833, [email protected]
3Professor, Civil and Environmental Engineering Department, and Director of the Project Production Systems Laboratory (p2sl.berkeley.edu), 212 McLaughlin Hall, Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA 94720-1712, USA, Phone +1 (510) 643-8678, [email protected]


Introduction of the Last Planner System helped to improve predictability and overall productivity in the construction industry. In manufacturing, the use of takt- time resulting in production to a set beat, has long been a center piece in leveling work flow and optimizing production lines. This paper will explore how we successfully merge the rigorous and more pre-determined structure of takt-time planning with the fluid, more interactive and responsive Last Planner System. The paper will use the Cathedral Hill Hospital Project as an example of takt-time planning in use and describe how the production team can work together with Last Planners to make sure that the structure and alignment from the takt-time plan also improve and simplify the Last Planner’s ability to plan their work successfully. We are especially interested in the dynamics around worker buy-in and the notion of manageable chunks’ of work to improve the ability for workers to plan successfully.


Takt-time planning, Last Planner™ System, production system design



Frandson, A. , Berghede, K. & Tommelein, I. D. 2014, 'Takt-Time Planning and the Last Planner' In:, Kalsaas, B. T., Koskela, L. & Saurin, T. A., 22nd Annual Conference of the International Group for Lean Construction. Oslo, Norway, 25-27 Jun 2014. pp 571-580

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