Natural disaster management and the need to develop a resilient built environment for disaster-stricken community has always been the outstanding concern in many countries. Post-disaster reconstruction phase plays crucial role in recovery stage to cope with the impacts of natural disasters in reactive manner. The traditional views of post-disaster reconstruction activities have not been efficient and effective enough to develop shelters and permanent buildings on time, on budget and with acceptable quality. Furthermore, post-disaster reconstruction has often resulted in poor-quality built environment, waste of materials, delayed construction, and low-performed recovery. Therefore, contemporary tools and techniques should be applied by stakeholders in post-disasters reconstruction phase. Lean construction philosophy and introducing the individual elements of the lean philosophy probably seems to improve the post-disaster reconstruction. This paper evaluates the possibility of applying elements of lean thinking and lean construction in post-disaster reconstruction phase. For this purpose, this study scrutinizes pertinent lean construction studies to borrow the benefits of quick mobilization, pull scheduling, Just-in-Time, and Six Sigma approaches in order to apply them in post-disaster reconstruction phase. Finally, we propose to integrate some feasible lean construction approaches with post-disaster reconstruction in order to eliminate waste, improve the quality of built environment, smooth the work flow and enhance the performance of post-disaster reconstruction phase in recovery stage of natural disaster management.
Lean construction, post-disaster reconstruction, disaster management
Mojtahedi, S. M. H. & Oo, B. L. 2012, 'Possibility of Applying Lean in Post-Disaster Reconstruction- An Evaluation Study' In:, Tommelein, I. D. & Pasquire, C. L., 20th Annual Conference of the International Group for Lean Construction. San Diego, California, USA, 18-20 Jul 2012.