Using TVD Simulation to Improve Collaboration

Muktari Musa1, Christine Pasquire2 & Alan Hurst3

1PhD Research Student, School of Architecture, Design and Built Environment, Nottingham Trent University, United Kingdom. +447436554017 [email protected]
2Professor, School of Architecture, Design and Built Environment and Director Centre for lean Projects, Nottingham Trent University, UK. +44(0) 115 848 2095 [email protected]
3Senior Lecturer, School of Architecture, Design and Built Environment, Nottingham Trent University, United Kingdom. +44(0) 115 848 2878 [email protected]


Target Value Design (TVD), a lean approach, has been implemented successfully in the past decade in various countries and its process mandates the collaboration of project participants. However, issues of adapting collaborative practices and the time it takes firsttime users to understand TVD practices have been a challenge in TVD projects. Recently, there has been an increase in the creation, reinvention and use of simulations and serious games to teach TVD and other lean principles to project stakeholders encountering them for the first time. The 50 minute version of the simulation game developed in Texas A & M University was used to illustrate TVD practice and collaboration in this study. The study used 24 industry stakeholders from a reputable real estate developer during the implementation of TVD on a live project in Nigeria. The results reported that the simulation is effective in illustrating the practices of TVD including collaboration and designing to set targets. Finally, this study recommends the inclusion of the TVD simulation game in training and workshops for project team before the commencement of construction projects because it demonstrated to be a simple and practical method of understanding collaboration and TVD practices.


Lean construction, simulation game, collaboration, target costing, target value delivery.



Musa, M. , Pasquire, C. & Hurst, A. 2019, 'Using TVD Simulation to Improve Collaboration' In:, Proc. 27th Annual Conference of the International Group for Lean Construction (IGLC). Dublin, Ireland, 3-5 Jul 2019. pp 503-514

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