Historically, the Last Planner™ System of Production Control has been coupled with the body of Lean Construction literature. However, the mechanism of the Last Planner and how it fits within accepted lean thinking has not always been apparent. This paper addresses this uncertainty. It examines simulated results from a lean simulation game and argues that the Last Planner serves the role of a conceptual kanban, among its functions—and therefore sits squarely within the domain of Lean theory.
Last Planner System, Kanban, Airplane game, Lean Construction