Virtual Design and Construction: Aligning BIM and Lean in Practice

Roar Fosse1, Glenn Ballard2 & Martin Fischer3

1Regional Manager, Lean Construction, Skanska, Oslo, Norway, +4793444588,
2Research Director of the Project Production Systems Lab., Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA 94720-1712, USA, +1 415 710-5531,
3Professor, Dept. of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Stanford Univ., Stanford, CA 94305, USA,


The construction industry has experienced many inspiring improvements. Especially two movements have introduced innovative design and construction practices: The advancement of lean thinking and tools and maturity in applying BIM and related concepts and technologies. Although Lean and BIM often thrive in the same culture, have many similar properties and strong potential synergies, they are often considered separate initiatives and unfortunately provide only partial benefits when applied on their own. Based on empirical findings of a general contractor, this paper shows how collaborative lean methods and BIM-related technologies can be implemented in an integrated way in practice.


VDC, BIM, Last Planner, ICE, Big Room, metrics



Fosse, R. , Ballard, G. & Fischer, M. 2017, 'Virtual Design and Construction: Aligning BIM and Lean in Practice' In:, 25th Annual Conference of the International Group for Lean Construction. Heraklion, Greece, 9-12 Jul 2017. pp 499-506

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