A Conceptual Framework for the Prescriptive Causal Analysis of Construction Waste

C. Formoso1, T. Bølviken2, J. Rooke3 & L. Koskela4

1Professor, Building Innovation Research Unit (NORIE), Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul (UFRGS), Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil. Phone +55 51 33083518, [email protected]
2Director of Strategy, HR and HSE, Veidekke Entreprenør AS, P.O. Box 506 Skøyen, N-0214 Oslo, [email protected]
3Independent scholar, Manchester, U.K., [email protected]
4Professor of Construction and Project Management, School of Art, Design and Architecture, University of Huddersfield, [email protected]


An initial step towards a prescriptive theory (a set of concepts) to inform the elimination of waste on construction projects. The ultimate intention is to identify the most important types and causes of waste in construction and outline the principal causal relations between them. This is not a straightforward process: the relationships form a complex network of chains and cycles of waste. Waste is defined as the use of more resources than needed, or an unwanted output from production. A conceptual schema of Previous Production Stage > Production Waste > Effect Waste is proposed and applied to the causal analysis of two major types of waste: material waste and making do.


Waste, value, value stream, causality, networks of waste



Formoso, C. , Bølviken, T. , Rooke, J. & Koskela, L. 2015, 'A Conceptual Framework for the Prescriptive Causal Analysis of Construction Waste' In:, Seppänen, O., González, V. A. & Arroyo, P., 23rd Annual Conference of the International Group for Lean Construction. Perth, Australia, 29-31 Jul 2015. pp 454-461

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