https://doi.org/10.24928/2021/0156

Brought by Degrees: A Focus on the Current Indicators of Lean ‘Smartness’ in Smart Cities

Dave Collins1, Agnar Johansen2, Bo Terje Kalsaas3, Alenka Temeljotov-Salaj4 & Mohammed Hamdy5

1Post-Doctoral Fellow, Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU), Trondheim, Norway, 0047 92501501, [email protected], orcid.org/0000-0003-0290-0486
2Post-Doctoral Fellow, Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU), Trondheim, Norway, 0047 92501501, [email protected], orcid.org/0000-0003-0290-0486
3Professor, Department of Engineering Sciences, University of Agder, Kristiansand, Norway, 0047 97082582, [email protected], orcid.org/0000-0003-4383-1683
4Professor, Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU), Trondheim, Norway, 0047 46445072, [email protected], orcid.org/0000-0002-4139-5278
5Associate Professor, Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU), Trondheim, Norway, 0047 92052876, [email protected], orcid.org/0000-0002-3472-0386

Abstract

The purpose of this paper is to look at the indicators to which a city can be considered to be a smart city based upon the degree it meets specific indicators within the categories of ‘Social Smartness’, ‘Technological Smartness’ and ‘Environmental Smartness’. The data collection for this paper was conducted through desk research in academic and nonacademic articles and publications that focus on smart cities and their associated indicators. This study found out common factors based upon the indicators studied. ‘Social Smartness’ had a focus on the quality of life, civic engagement and wellbeing. ‘Technological Smartness’ was centric on flexible technology, well utilised and defined applied technology and data. ‘Environmental Smartness’ was focused on optimisation, waste management and sustainable thinking. This study offers possibilities to advance Lean thinking by looking at indicators to attribute a degree of ‘Smartness’ to cities which in turn will optimise the development and operation of a Smart City and Smart Districts.

Keywords

Lean thinking, smart cities, smart cities indicators, social indicators, sustainability

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Reference

Collins, D. , Johansen, A. , Kalsaas, B. T. , Temeljotov-Salaj, A. & Hamdy, M. 2021, 'Brought by Degrees: A Focus on the Current Indicators of Lean ‘Smartness’ in Smart Cities' In:, Proc. 29th Annual Conference of the International Group for Lean Construction (IGLC). Lima, Peru, 14-16 Jul 2021. pp 167-176

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