Insufficient project stakeholder and team management has frequently resulted in conflicts and partial failures. Stakeholder integration and integrated project delivery (IPD) provide real opportunities for organizations to achieve more than they could on their own and are a way to improve construction project productivity. The purpose of this study is to analyze what the preconditions and challenges are for successful stakeholder integration in construction projects. This paper discusses the nature and preconditions of stakeholder integration in the construction industry, while its main purpose is to take a look at the level of integration in an IPD project. Our results are derived from the analysis of both current literature and an empirical case study. According to the theoretical findings, twelve preconditions for integration were found, and the empirical case study strongly supported these findings. Despite the good results and the project’s high level of integration, the main challenges for stakeholder integration seem to be mostly related to a lack of trust and communication among stakeholders, and thus all of the stakeholders should be involved as early as possible. In addition, the nature and process of IPD is still pretty unfamiliar to many people, which increases suspicion towards it.
Stakeholder, integration, collaboration, preconditions, construction
Aapaoja, A. , Malvalehto, J. , Herrala, M. , Pekuri, A. & Haapasalo, H. 2012, 'The Level of Stakeholder Integration - Sunnyvale Case' In:, Tommelein, I.D. & Pasquire, C.L., 20th Annual Conference of the International Group for Lean Construction. San Diego, USA, 18-20 Jul 2012.