Failures on transferring Japanese production techniques to West countries point out the need for a more in-depth comprehension of concepts and principles that support such techniques. In the construction industry, the abstraction and adaptation of those concepts and principles started in 1992 with the publication of the report “Application of the New Production Philosophy to Construction”, by Lauri Koskela. However, since the publication of that study little further discussion has been made on other Japanese production models, such as the one proposed by Shigeo Shingo and adopted at the Toyota Motor Company. This paper intends to compare Koskela’s and Shingo’s production models and the possibilities of amalgamating them. It is also proposed an application of those models for establishing performance improvement priorities, considering a hierarchy of decisions (market level, product level, process level, and operation level).
Lean construction, Toyota Production System, production improvement