This theory paper probes the intersections of Lean, Mass Production and conventional Construction, Lean Construction, the Simple Framework for Integrating Project Delivery model, and Virtual Design and Construction (VDC). The authors argue that Toyota recognized that integration was necessary to achieve the goal of global optimization in design and production and that this imperative confronts Lean Construction today. They briefly describe the Simple Framework for Integrating Project Delivery as a system model to achieve the high level of integration required to deliver a valuable, highperforming building. Then they focus on how VDC fits within and enables the Simple Framework model, explaining each element of VDC and how project teams can leverage it to consistently deliver high-performing buildings.
Theory, production, Lean Construction, Simple Framework for Integrating Project Delivery, Virtual Design &Construction
Rischmoller, L. , Reed, D. , Khanzode, A. & Fischer, M. 2018, 'Integration Enabled by Virtual Design & Construction as a Lean Implementation Strategy' In:, 26th Annual Conference of the International Group for Lean Construction. Chennai, India, 18-20 Jul 2018. pp 240-249