Benchmarking in Integrated Design Process: Uw-Arcf Case Study

Yong-Woo Kim1, Rahman Azari2 & Jeff Angeley3

1Associate Professor, Department of Construction Management, College of Built Environments, Univ. of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195, United States (corresponding author),
2Senior Project Manager, Capital Planning and Development, University of Washington,
3Assistant Professor, Department of Architecture, University of Texas at San Antonio,


Integrated Design (ID) process has been recognized as an integrated approach to design process and prevailed in sustainable high performance building design. Though prevailing assumption is that a more integrated design process yields better performance results, measurement of integration is a largely unexplored area of research which can help participants in the ID process assess their integrated performance. In a previous publication, the authors investigated the relationship between the level of integration in the ID process and project performances using data from 55 LEED projects in which ID was employed. In this paper, the database and the assessment framework are used as a benchmarking tool to assess the ID process of ARCF (Animal Research Care Facility) project at the University of Washington Seattle campus. We expect that the research would contribute to the domain of ID process by providing an assessment tool to be used by project owners and service providers to evaluate their ID processes.


Integrated design; benchmarking; Sustainable High-Performance (SHP) building



Kim, Y. , Azari, R. & Angeley, J. 2016, 'Benchmarking in Integrated Design Process: Uw-Arcf Case Study' In:, 24th Annual Conference of the International Group for Lean Construction. Boston, USA, 20-22 Jul 2016.

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