Implementing Lean Concepts on Indian Construction Sites - Organisational Aspects and Lessons Learned

N. Raghavan1, Satyanarayana Kalidindi2, Ashwin Mahalingam3, Koshy Varghese4 & A. Ayesha5

1INAE Professor, BTCM Division, Department of Civil Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Madras, Chennai 600036, India, Phone +91 94440 75176, nraghavan@iitm.ac.in
2Professor, BTCM Division, Department of Civil Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Madras, Chennai 600036, India, Phone +91 94440 19311, satyakn@iitm.ac.in
3Assistant Professor, BTCM Division, Department of Civil Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Madras, Chennai 600036, India, Phone +91 98409 82190, mash@iitm.ac.in
4Professor, BTCM Division, Department of Civil Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Madras, Chennai 600036, India, Phone +91 94444 04986, koshy@iitm.ac.in
5Project Associate, BTCM Division, Department of Civil Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Madras, Chennai 600036, India, Phone +91 95665 33966, ayesha2891@gmail.com

Abstract

Construction sector in India has been on a high growth path lately and maximizing efficiency and profitability has been a key concern. Lean Construction offers a potential solution for system level efficiency improvement. Given the weak planning processes, diverse cultures and ill-trained labour in the industry, Lean implementation has been a challenge. IIT Madras, an educational institution, had recently taken up a carefully-structured programme for training and implementation of Lean construction practices in nine trial projects with varying characteristics through classroom and webinar-based trainings, reporting in predefined formats, monitoring by site visits and periodic reviews. Sites were encouraged to adopt the LPS as the core and use various other Lean tools with close assistance from the Faculty. Overall many of the standard benefits of Lean implementation were realised. However, the extent of gains was seen to be influenced by many soft aspects, such as the culture of the site and the organisation, planning and engineering expertise available, commitment and support from top management and site management. The paper presents an overview of the programme and an analysis of the results obtained/lessons learned across the different sites based on the organisational and cultural aspects of the sites.

Keywords

Lean construction, Indian Construction, Lean Implementation, Organisational Culture.

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Reference

Raghavan, N. , Kalidindi, S. , Mahalingam, A. , Varghese, K. & Ayesha, A. 2014, 'Implementing Lean Concepts on Indian Construction Sites - Organisational Aspects and Lessons Learned' In:, Kalsaas, B.T., Koskela, L. & Saurin, T.A., 22nd Annual Conference of the International Group for Lean Construction. Oslo, Norway, 25-27 Jun 2014. pp 1181-1190

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