Defining Cooperation and Collaboration in the Context of Lean Construction

Annett Schöttle1, Shervin Haghsheno2 & Fritz Gehbauer3

1Research Fellow. Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), Institute of Technology and Management in Construction (TMB), Am Fasanengarten, Geb. 50.31, D-76131 Karlsruhe, Germany. Phone +49 (0)721/608-45259, Annett.Schoettle@kit.edu.
2Professor. Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), Institute of Technology and Management in Construction (TMB), Am Fasanengarten, Geb. 50.31, D-76131 Karlsruhe, Germany. Phone +49 (0)721/608-42646, Shervin.Haghsheno@kit.edu
3Professor. Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), Institute of Technology and Management in Construction (TMB), Am Fasanengarten, Geb. 50.31, D-76131 Karlsruhe, Germany. Phone +49 (0)721/608-42168, Fritz.Gehbauer@kit.edu.

Abstract

The Lean Construction approach is based on cooperation and collaboration. A review of Lean Construction literature reveals that authors use at least one or even both words without distinguishing between them, but rather use these words as synonyms. This is problematic, since a different understanding of words may lead to a misunderstanding of project issues. Therefore, clear and unified definitions are needed for both terms, thereby allowing readers and project partners, respectively, to have the same understanding of cooperation and collaboration. This paper explains the difference and defines the terms cooperation and collaboration in the context of Lean Construction projects.

Keywords

Collaboration, cooperation, definition, Lean Construction.

Files

Reference

Schöttle, A. , Haghsheno, S. & Gehbauer, F. 2014, 'Defining Cooperation and Collaboration in the Context of Lean Construction' In:, Kalsaas, B.T., Koskela, L. & Saurin, T.A., 22nd Annual Conference of the International Group for Lean Construction. Oslo, Norway, 25-27 Jun 2014. pp 1269-1280

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